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新高考英语考纲词汇举例kangaroo…knowledge发表于: 2021-11-08 01:00
本文摘要:大多数高考英语考纲词搜集,只列了单词、词性和词义,没有例句和辨析解说。笔者试图在考纲词汇的基础上,给出例句或短语,并对个体重点词汇作出解说、辨析,希望对老师的教学和学生的学习有所资助。在解说历程中,错误在所难免,希望读者在发现错误的时候,实时在评论区给予品评、指正。 kangaroo n.袋鼠。keep v.(kept, kept)生存,保持(某种状态),继续不停:Keep calm! 平静! / Keep the baby warm. 别把婴儿冻着。

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大多数高考英语考纲词搜集,只列了单词、词性和词义,没有例句和辨析解说。笔者试图在考纲词汇的基础上,给出例句或短语,并对个体重点词汇作出解说、辨析,希望对老师的教学和学生的学习有所资助。在解说历程中,错误在所难免,希望读者在发现错误的时候,实时在评论区给予品评、指正。

kangaroo n.袋鼠。keep v.(kept, kept)生存,保持(某种状态),继续不停:Keep calm! 平静! / Keep the baby warm. 别把婴儿冻着。【短语】keep back (使)退却;忍住,隐瞒 / keep down 抑制,控制,使下降 / keep off 避开,防止,盖住 / keep on 继续 / keep out 遮挡,使不进入 / keep out of 使不进入… / keep up 保持,继续 / keep up with 跟上,不落伍【注意】其后可接动名词作宾语,但不能接不定式。【比力】1.keep doing sth与keep on doing sth:若表现重复发生的行动(即行动间有距离),可交换;若表现连续的状态或一连不停的行动(行动之间无距离),则用 keep doing sth:I kept hoping that they would have chance to come to China some day. 我一直希望他们有时机到中国来。

2.keep sb doing sth与keep sb from doing sth:前者指使某人不停地做某事,后者指使某人不做某事,两者意思险些相反:I’m sorry to have kept you waiting. 对不起让你等了。/ The rain kept us from going out. 下雨使我们没法出去。kettle n.(煮开水用的)水壶。

I’ll put the kettle on for tea.我要烧水沏茶。key n.[C]钥匙;键;关键,秘诀;谜底:the keys of a piano 钢琴琴键 / I lost my keys. 我把钥匙弄丢了。【用法】表现“…的钥匙”,其后可用介词 to或of:the key to [of] the door 门的钥匙。

但若用于比喻义表现“谜底”、“秘诀”、“关键”等,通常只接介词to:This is the key to the problem. 这是问题的关键。keyboard n.电脑键盘。kick v & n.踢:He shut the door with a kick. 他把门一踢,把门关上了。

kid n.小孩,儿童。I’m taking the kids to the zoo today.我今天要带孩子们去动物园。kill v.(被)杀死,(被)弄死;消磨(时间):How do you manage to kill your time on Sundays? 你在星期天是如何打发时间的?kilo n.[C]千克,公斤;千米,公里:He bought three kilos of oranges. 他买了3公斤橘子。

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kilogram(me) n.千克,公斤。kilometre / kilometer n. [C]千米,公里:The new city covers more than 30 square kilometres. 这座新都会面积有 30 多平方公里。kind n. [C]种,类 adj.和善的,友好的:We sell all kinds of hats. 我们卖种种帽子。

/ Will you be kind enough to [=so kind as to] shut the door? 能否屈驾把门关上?【用法】1.用作名词表现“种类”时,用于kind of 后的名词通常要用单数,且不用冠词:This kind of book is interesting. 这种书很有趣。2.kind of 可用作状语,表现“有点儿”:I feel kind of cold. 我感应有点冷。

kindergarten n.[C]幼儿园:Bring the children back from the kindergarten at four o’clock. 下午四点把孩子们从幼儿园接回来。kindness n.仁慈,平和,美意,体贴:I can’t thank you enough for your kindness.我对你的美意感谢不尽。king n.[C]国王:The lion is the king of beasts. 狮子为万兽之王。

kingdom n.王国:the kingdom of love 恋爱王国。kiss v.& n. [C]吻,接吻:She kissed her mother goodbye. 她吻别了她的妈妈。/ He blew a kiss at [to] me. 他给我一个飞吻。

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kitchen n. [C]厨房,灶间:My mother has been slaving away all weekend in the kitchen.整个周末,我母亲一直在厨房里忙碌。kite n. [C]鹞子:The children are flying kites. 孩子们在放鹞子。

knee n. [C]膝盖;(坐姿时)腿部:He went down on his knees and begged for mercy. 他跪下求饶。knife(pl knives) n.[C]小刀:Set the table with knives and forks. 在桌上摆好刀叉。knock v.& n.[C]敲,打;相撞:There was a knock at his door. 有人敲他的门。

/ Please knock (at/on the door) before entering. 进屋之前请先敲门。know v.(knew, known)明白;相识;知道;认识:Do you know why he was late? 你知道他为什么迟到吗?/ I’ve never known it (to) snow in July before. 我以前从未听说过七月份会下雪。【短语】know of (about)…(间接)知道 / know nothing about… 对…一无所知 / know from 区分【用法】其后不能直接跟不定式作宾语,但若不定式前有毗连代(副)词则可以,如不说He knows to swim,而说He knows how to swim(他会游泳)。

【比力】be known as=著称,被认识 / be known for 因为…着名 / be known to=为…所知knowledge n. [U]知识,学问;知道,相识,熟悉:Knowledge is power. (谚)知识就是气力。/ Knowledge begins with practice. 认识从实践开始。【用法】1.汉语中说“英语知识”、“历史知识”等,说成英语通常是 the knowledge of English, the knowledge of history等,而不是 English knowledge, history knowledge等。2.是不行数名词,但有时可与不定冠词连用,表现某种水平的知识:He has a knowledge of music. 他懂点音乐。

3.要表现“学习”知识,英语习惯上不用动词study,而用get, gain, obtain, acquire 等。以上解说配有头条西瓜视频,接待关注“小河弯弯”,寓目视频有声解说。对以上解说,如果你有意见或建议,请留言。

谢谢!。


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